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比较级和最高级的用法(英语比较级和最高级的用法归纳)

时间:2021-08-18 10:29分类:专业问答来源:滚锁网

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比较级和最高级的用法

英语比较级和最高级的用法

一、形容词、副词的比较级和最高级的构成规则

1.一般单音节词和少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词,比较级在后面加-er,最高级在后面加-est;

②. A is …times as big /high/long/wide/large as B.

如:Asia is four times as large as Europe.

亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。

③. A is …times larger /higher/longer/wider than B.

如:Our school is twice bigger than yours.

我们学校比你们学校大两倍。

6.形容词、副词的最高级形式主要用来表示三者或三者以上人或事物的比较,表示“最……”的意思。

句子中有表示范围的词或短语。如:of the three, in our class等等。

如:He is the t滚锁网allest in our class.

他在我们班里是最高的。

7."否定词语+比较级","否定词语+ so… as"结构表示最高级含义。

Nothing is so easy as this.

=Nothing is easier than this.

=This is the easiest thing.

8. 比较级与最高级的转换:

Mike is the most intelligent in his class.

Mike is more intelligent than any other student in his class

7.修饰比较级和最高级的词

1)可修饰比较级的词

①.a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even等。

②. 还可以用表示倍数的词或度量名词作修饰语。

③. 以上词(除by far)外,必须置于比较级形容词或副词的前面。

注意: 使用最高级要注意将主语包括在比较范围内。

(错) Tom is the tallest of his three brothers.

(对) Tom is the tallest of the three brothers.

2)下列词可修饰最高级:by far, far, much, mostly, almost。

This hat is nearly / almost the biggest.

注意:

a. very可修饰最高级,但位置与much不同。

This is the very best.

This is much the best.

b. 序数词通常只修饰最高级。

Africa is the second largest continent.

8.要避免重复使用比较级。

(错) He is more cleverer than his brother.

(对) He is more clever than his brother.

(对) He is cleverer than his brother.

9.要避免将主语含在比较对象中。

(错) China is larger that any country in Asia.

(对) China is larger than 滚锁网any other country in Asia.

10.要注意对应句型,遵循前后一致的原则。

The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing.

It is easier to make a plan than to carry it out.

11.要注意冠词的使用,后有名词的时候,前面才有可能有名词。

比较:Which is larger, Canada or Australia?

Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia?

She is taller than her two sisters.

She is the taller of the two sisters.

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